The Original NOLS Instructor: Tap Tapley
With heavy hearts, we bid farewell to Tap (Ernest) Tapley, one of the first NOLS instructors and certainly one of the most legendary. Tap passed away Monday, March 2 in New Mexico. He was 91 years old.
Tap met NOLS founder Paul Petzoldt while serving in the 10th Mountain Division of the U.S. Army, which Paul was helping to train. He later recruited Paul to instruct for the Outward Bound branch in Colorado, and in turn joined Paul as an instructor when Paul founded NOLS.
“I haven’t considered it work,” he said of his role as one of the first NOLS instructors on NOLS’ 40th anniversary. “NOLS meant to me that we could start training people to take others into the wilderness and enjoy it.”
He did just that for nearly 30 years, leading and teaching largely by example and soft-spoken instruction.
“Tap was the one who had the greatest influence on me ... because of his humility and kindness just being himself and sharing his knowledge by example more than by words,” wrote one of his early students, Leslie van Barselaar, upon hearing of his passing. “He was so comfortable in the woods or by the ocean or horseback. He never told you what to do, but you watched very carefully how he did things to get it right. Because you knew he knew he was watching over you like a benevolent uncle. Because you also wanted to be that comfortable in the wild. Because you were proud to be a part of this lineage, and wanted to live into it.”
In addition to playing a key role in launching the NOLS legacy, Tap also helped make NOLS an international institution. After instructing in the Wind River Mountains, his favorite wilderness environment, for many years, Tap headed south. In 1971, he founded NOLS Mexico.
He remained a steady source of learning and leadership as NOLS continued to grow, having a profound impact on countless students and fellow instructors.
“Tap’s legacy grows each time a new NOLS student first sees the Milky Way, tops out on a Wind River peak, hears a coyote call, or feels the tug of a Brookie on the line. Those experiences, those adventures are the essence of Tap’s spirit and role as an educator,” said NOLS Executive Director John Gans. “We thank him and wish him peace.”
Services are pending, and details will be added to this post.
Educator Expedition: South Avellano Tower
By Jared Spaulding, NOLS Instructor
People on the expedition: 4
Expedition members who are former or current NOLS instructors: 4
Nights in the mountains: 20 (+ the Bahia Murta bivy)
Kilometers spent crammed in pickup trucks: about 400
Hours spent crammed in pickup trucks: about 8
Days spent hiking: 12–14
Days spent shuttling gear i.e. moving half our load: 9
Mileage walked: 57–78
Camps used: 4 (+ the Bahia Murta bivy)
Other people seen: 1
Climbing days: 4
Pitches climbed: 22
Pitches climbed on South Avellano Tower: 8
Routes established: 1
Pitches rappelled: 21
Stoppers or hexes left behind: 10
Number of #5 Camalots brought to trailhead: 3
Number of #5 Camalot placements: 2
Average packages of cookies eaten per day: 4
Kilos of manjar (dulce de leche) consumed: 3
Days it precipitated on us: 14
Number of North American weather correspondents: 2
Video clips taken: 500 (20 hours)
Stories that started "One time I was working this NOLS course...": 518, approximately
Photos taken: 850 (Dave: 700, me: 150)
Grants received: 4
Times we cursed Donnini’s name: countless
Books read: 8
The Story Behind the Numbers:
In late 2013 Dave Anderson, with Szu-ting Yi, concocted the idea of making an attempt on the north face of the South Avellano Tower, one of Patagonia’s largest unclimbed walls. This would be his second expedition to the region.
He recruited me. I recruited Matt Hartman.
From our respective places in the United States, we traveled to and gathered in Coyhaique, the capital of Chile’s Aisen region. We prepped then trucked to the town of Bahia Murta, a paltry 14 miles from the base of our objective. The four of us hiked into the Avellano Valley via way of Rio Resbalon. We humped heavy loads over rough-trailed and un-trailed terrain. We crossed snow-covered boulder fields, steep snow couloirs, and steep wet slabs. We bushwacked and river walked. We endured the hot Patagonian sun, the cold Patagonian rain, the relentless Patagonian wind, the obligatory Patagonian summer snowstorm, and the poor seating options of the 30-degree slope of our base camp.
Only Dave possessed the knowledge that had we hiked in via another way would we have had miles of gently rolling hills and little to no bushwacking. We marveled at the beauty and we cursed ourselves for not asking the right beta questions. We put our gear in the right spots, positioned ourselves correctly, stayed well fed with good food, and climbed when the weather Gods granted us permission.
But in the end, it was not enough to grant us passage up the north face of the South Avellano Tower. We were forced to leave the beautiful sweeps of granite for those with more talent, time, and drive than us. So I left that beautiful valley with a heavy heart. My friendships were still intact and smiles were still shared, but while others may have had realistic thoughts about our chances I can’t help but feel that as we rappelled in the heat of the late afternoon sun I had not left it all on the mountain. While it is important to have the reserves to make the descent, that day, I know I walked away with more. Coach Randy Edgerly always told me to leave it all on the court. “You can sleep on the bus ride home,” he would say. So I feel like I cheated myself and my mates.
And that is a feeling I do not enjoy.
With that in my mind and heart, Matt Hartman and I made a successful attempt at opening a new route on the southwest ridge of the Tooth. Filo Suroeste (305 meters, 5.10) was established in the howling winds of an incoming low-pressure system and served, for me at least, as a somewhat adequate consolation prize. The true consolation prize however, was the exploration of a remote Patagonian valley that still holds vast potential for first ascents of all kinds. I do not doubt that I will return.
So, if we define success by objectives met (and that is a pretty common way of defining it) then indeed this expedition was a failure. (I have written about this in the past, and you can find those musings here.)
But did it fail as much as one in which there was petty bickering over trivial items or where communication and the group dynamic fell apart? That is hard for me to say. We walked out of the woods sharing smiles and laughs. Maybe that is the difference between an F and an F+. Or perhaps the difference between an A and an A- for us is climbing our objective versus not having climbed it.
Regardless, there is a long list of people and organizations that helped us make this expedition upon which I am still reflecting and to which I plan to return. So without further adieu, here it goes. We would like to thank, in no particular order: The Mugs Stump Award, The Todd Skinner Foundation, The NOLS Instructor Development Fund, The Mazamas, NOLS Rocky Mountain, NOLS Patagonia, MSR, Black Diamond, Daren Opeka, Anna Haegel, Marcelo Mascerano, Phil Henderson, Dave Brown, Andy Harris, Jim Donnini and all those who have offered encouragement, support, and beta along our individual journeys that have put us where we are.
Educator Expedition: Cape Town Sailing
By Nick Braun, NOLS Instructor
On January 5, I kicked off the New Year with an adventure on the southern seas. With the support of the Pete Absolon Fund that supports advanced instructor training, I made my first trip to Africa. The goal was to expand my sailing horizons and to gain experience sailing in an unfamiliar place, with bigger seas and more challenging weather. And that is exactly what I got!
I participated in a week of coastal skipper training with a sailing school based in Cape Town, South Africa. This region is known for its spectacular and rugged coastline, ever-changing wind and weather conditions, and often-turbulent seas. After provisioning the boat and making a few repairs, we cast off from Saldanha Bay for our first passage southbound into Cape Town. After a 17-hour beat to wind, multiple sail changes, and navigating the dreaded (often 40+ knot) winds that come barreling off of Table Mountain early in the evening, we finally tied up at the dock just before midnight. I was in for a long week!
The course consisted of multiple passages over 60 miles long that each course participant skippered. This means from the time you cast off until you tie up at your destination, you are in charge of the boat and responsible for the safety and performance of the vessel and crew. After two of my shipmates brought us safely into harbor during their days as skipper, it was my opportunity to take the helm.
At this point, we had already passaged well south and rounded the Cape of Good Hope and Cape Point. Both are iconic landmarks and known for dangerous offshore rocks and occasionally hazardous conditions that have brought more than one vessel to the bottom of the ocean. Already having that experience, I was well prepared to passage there once again. However, this time was different…
It was a beautiful blue-sky day, but the wind was howling! As I stood in the marina looking up at the mast and pondering how I was going to get off the dock, I noticed the wind meter reading gusts well over 30 knots, and this was just in the harbor! Any skipper knows that maneuvering in the tight quarters of a marina, surrounded by very expensive boats on a windy day is enough to rattle your nerves. On top of that, we had witnessed another boat crash the evening before.
Nonetheless, we slipped the lines, reversed out of the marina in a flawless fashion, and soon we were underway with a triple reefed main and just enough jib sail to keep the boat nicely balanced. Once again, we beat our way to windward; we finally reached Cape Point in early afternoon. The large seas were very mixed and the strong winds kept all of us alert as we sailed between Cape Point and Anvil Rock and then between Bellows Rock and the Cape of Good Hope, both infamous for their history of shipwrecks. Once we cleared the Cape and the extending reefs and after a sigh of relief, we put out more sail and turned downwind with our destination of Hout Bay in sight. Running with the seas and the wind we reached our maximum boat speed of 12 knots as we surfed down the waves. As the sun began to set, we made our approach into Hout Bay. As if the adventure of rounding the Cape for a second time was not enough, we were once again greeted by the intense winds for which the Cape region is known. Registering 43 knots on the wind meter, we rounded up, doused the sails, and motored into the harbor, securing the boat to the dock just as the last hint of light disappeared on the horizon.
This experience speaks for itself with the inherent challenges; navigating hazardous terrain; and the need for great communication, teamwork, and execution of the plan. This adventure pushed my limits and expanded my horizons as a sailor, skipper, and crew. I can’t wait to share it with my students in the future.
Educator Expedition: Paddle Sport Coaching
By Rachael Bates, NOLS Instructor
This fall I had the privilege to participate in two courses during the British Canoe Union (BCU) week, sponsored by Alder Creek Kayak & Canoe, in Portland, Oregon. NOLS generously supported my continued training through the Instructor Development Fund. This education transfers to outdoor education environments and benefits NOLS students. The courses I took part in were the BCU Coach 2 training and the BCU 4 star sea kayak leader assessment.
The Coach 2 training is a four-day course focused on developing paddle sport coaching technique and providing stroke refinement through engaging activities. Paddle sports encompass a variety of boats, such as whitewater kayaks, stand up paddleboards, sea kayaks, canoes, and polo boats. As a participant, I created lesson plans that were applicable to all paddle sports, using activities to emphasize the fundamentals of paddling and designing activities that involved a high level of student observation.
We implemented new lessons every day and received feedback from peers and course instructors regarding our lesson delivery and content. This experience provided me exactly what I was hoping for: tools to individualize paddle stoke and provide feedback for students through fun, and engaging activities. I also refined my ability to observe.
Rachael on a personal sea kayaking trip.
I am always seeking opportunities to better serve and educate my students on NOLS sea kayak courses. This coaching course provided me with just that. The course was interactive, fun, and focused on the application of knowledge. The skills I learned are directly transferable to my work with NOLS and will continue to develop my ability to create quality paddlers in the sea kayak and canoe program.
Educator Expedition: The Gales Storm Gathering
By Steve Robitshek, NOLS Instructor
The Gales Storm Gathering event is intended as a fun, invigorating sea kayaking instructional event for students looking to gain experience “in conditions” on the Great Lakes, according to the website.
“We all want to know what variables change for rolling, rescues, towing, leadership, and group management once the placid waters of summer have dissipated.
“The Great Lakes offer a terrific opportunity for sea kayakers to experience the beauty of lumpy conditions. Lake Superior has a variety of wind conditions, sea states, and waves in autumn. Often students will seek training in far-flung locales on the east coast, west coast, or overseas; when in fact our freshwater seas offer this exact sort of paddling environment right next door. This coupled with some very world class coaches can make for the best learning experience.”
Ahh paddling to have fun, push skills, and get wet! No students, no responsibilities, no curriculum, no camping, and lots of learning—why would one not attend? I relished this chance to paddle to just paddle, with coaches and participants that simply wanted to push skill development in challenging conditions. All this and time on the Big Lake in Pictured Rocks National Seashore!
Goals of the Gales Storm Gathering, Oct. 3–5, 2014, included building confidence in existing skills, reinforcing good habits in wind and waves, correct bad habits with real-world experiences and top-notch rough-water coaches, teaching safe and fun paddling in beautiful surroundings, and providing access to outstanding coaches from around the world.
I’ve been looking to get outside of NOLS to experience what other organizations and people do to manage risk, teach, and coach. Thanks to the NOLS Instructor Development Fund, I was able to attend the Gales Storm Gathering. This symposium pushed me in challenging conditions. Jeff Allen, one of the coaches, introduced many scenarios to manage as well as great coaching during the event.
Adding the skills and experiences to my toolbox will enable me to coach and challenge students more in all the different settings we typically encounter on NOLS sea kayaking courses.
Educator Expedition: Advanced Rock Guiding Course
By Andrew Megas-Russell, NOLS Instructor
This fall, I successfully completed the American Mountain Guides Association (AMGA) Advanced Rock Guide Course and Aspirant exam in Red Rocks, Nevada. I decided to to seek outside training and evaluation from the AMGA to broaden my proficiency as an instructor, enhance student outcomes, improve course quality, and provide and enriched level of instructor coaching and mentorship as a NOLS course leader. Since taking my NOLS Instructor Course in 2009, I have received invaluable coaching and mentorship from the many talented NOLS climbing instructors with whom I have had the pleasure of working. It was gratifying to pass the aspirant exam and see that the competence I have developed through years of working at NOLS has been on par with the industry standard.
The 10-day Advanced Rock Guide Course and Aspirant Exam is the second course in a three-course progression toward becoming a nationally certified rock guide. Days were long and rigorous. I was tested on my climbing technique and climbed over 80 pitches reaching 5.10+ in difficulty. At the start of the course, I was required to execute a series of timed vertical rescue scenarios that challenged my improvisation and proficiency with technical skills as well as my ability to work under pressure. The instructors on the course, all internationally certified mountain guides with decades of experience, helped me focus and refine my multi-pitch belay and rappel transition techniques, free rope end theory, and short rope and short pitch techniques to ensure student safety on exposed terrain. The instructors gave me on-the-spot feedback and advice, and they also hosted formal debriefs at the end of each day.
Assessment areas throughout the aspirant exam section of the course included risk management, client care, professionalism, terrain assessment, mountain sense, and pedagogy. In addition to learning all these new techniques and technical skills, the most valuable lesson was the importance of applying the right technique at the right time. This is a fundamental NOLS leadership skill I teach my own students: judgment and decision-making.
Passing the AMGA Aspirant exam leaves me feeling more confident in my skills and knowledge and prepared as an instructor. I look forward to applying for the final rock guide exam next fall and becoming a nationally certified rock guide.
Educator Expedition: San Juan and Gulf Island Keelboat Sailing
By Bradley Martin, NOLS Instructor
I recently sailed from Anacortes, Washington, through the San Juan Islands of Washington and Gulf Islands, Canada. I made this voyage on a personal expedition outside of my role as NOLS instructor with support from the NOLS Instructor Development Fund (IDF). October really is an ideal time of year to cruise the Pacific Northwest Islands. Due to the colder and rainier weather, there is very little boat traffic. In many anchorages, I was the only occupant. Notable anchorages were Reid Harbor on Stewart Island and Watmough Bay on Lopez Island. Both offered good wind protection from most directions and were stunning in beauty.
I chartered a Catalina 30—Tofte—which was very similar to NOLS’ Luna Quest, a Catalina 36. This boat made me appreciate how our NOLS fleet is “tricked out” with details to make them expeditionary yachts (e.g. batteries that will hold a charge on little motor use, trimmed down cushions and things that take up space, long anchor rode, etc.). Before leaving Anacortes, I removed unnecessary items like extraneous kitchenware and inadequate life jackets and cushions. I added jack lines, extra anchor rode, and backup webbing for reefed tack and clew.
I experienced a variety of conditions on this expedition. In the beginning of the expedition, calm seas and sunny weather were common. I sailed some light wind days and later twice had to reef in 20 knots of wind. This allowed me to cover some good distance in a short amount of time. Conditions required very little motoring and therefore I spent very little on diesel fuel.
I encountered more challenging conditions later in the expedition (low pressure systems and up to force 4-5 winds from the south). This contributed to not traveling through as much of Canada as I had hoped. However, I sailed through waters and anchorages and islands in the San Juans that were new to me. I covered a total distance of 195 nautical miles on this personal adventure. I really appreciate the IDF helping me make this expedition happen.
NOLS Thanks In-Town Staff
Each year, NOLS hands out a few awards to instructors, community members, alumni, and in-town staff to recognize their hard work, dedication, and positive changes in the world.
Please join us in congratulating this year's NOLS in-town awardees Alexa Callison-Burch, Debra East and Chris Agnew!
Alexa Callison-Burch: We feel blessed everyday that we get to work with Alexa
Alexa came to NOLS in the summer of 2006 when she completed her first NOLS course, an Absaroka Backpacking course. She is remembered by her instructors, as being passionate about wilderness, having excellent expedition behavior, and fulfilling a role as a mentor for other students. She was engaged with all aspects of the course. This promising performance led her instructors to encourage her to complete a fall Outdoor Educator semester as a step toward becoming an instructor. She completed her instructor course in the spring of 2007 and began working field courses. Since that time, Alexa has worked over 60 field weeks as a hiking and sea kayaking instructor providing many students with inspiring energy and education as they embarked on their own wilderness expeditions. She is committed to providing each student with the opportunity to have life changing experiences on every course she works.
In 2011, Alexa completed a Wilderness EMT course in Lander. She then went on to complete an Instructor Training Course with NOLS Wilderness Medicine Institute in November of 2012. Since that time, she has worked WFRs, WFAs, and WFRRs. She is a natural fit given both her organizational skills and teaching acumen.
Alexa’s in-town career began in the NOLS Field Staffing office in 2009, where she helped match field instructors with their courses and students. She moved over to NOLS Rocky Mountain as the evacuation coordinator in 2010. In this role, Alexa has modeled excellence by helping our instructors and the branch manage the diversity of infield challenges and evacuations that arise. She is known and admired for her calm and patient communication style that allows her to support students and instructors in the field. Alexa’s care and empathy for each individual student is felt by all. We have become a more compassionate school due to her influence.
Debra East: For her commitment to inclusion and can-do attitude
After years of running the underground bed and breakfast for NOLS field instructors, Debra began her official NOLS career in 2003. Over the next four years, she shared her skills and passion with such varied departments as purchasing, admissions, marketing, and WMI. In each of these roles she was valued for her upbeat, positive attitude and willingness to do whatever needed doing.
Since joining NOLS in a full-time capacity in 2007, Debra has committed her energies to excellence in customer service. A recent recipient of a Moving Hands Scholarship with American Sign Language interpretation noted, “Her clear and detailed communication, support, and encouragement makes me all the more sure that the National Outdoor Leadership School is the place to be when studying and appreciating the outdoors.”
In 2008, Debra stepped up to become the WMI admissions supervisor. In this role, she has mentored many individuals. One former employee shared, “She allows employees the opportunity and space to navigate their positions and thrive while she stands nearby.” Another reached out to say, “I can’t thank her enough for giving me confidence as a worker and a woman in the workplace.” Debra’s employees hope one day to receive her highest compliment, a new database feature named for them.
Debra’s passionate and tireless work to help NOLS be a school that welcomes everyone has resulted in significant increases in students supported through scholarships, Veteran’s Administration funds, Segal AmeriCorps Education Awards, and most recently 529 Education Awards. Her work to develop an agreement with Western State Colorado University helped students benefit from, and NOLS secure, nearly $1 million in tuition dollars this past year.
Debra goes above and beyond to build relationships with students she supports. After this most recent Wilderness Medicine Expedition for physicians and nurses, three students shared it was their interactions on the phone with Debra that solidified their decision to take the course—because their questions and uncertainties were so well addressed.
Chris Agnew: For his outstanding contributions to our students and mission
Chris took a Spring Semester in Kenya in 1998, and his instructor wrote, “Mr. Energy had a positive effect on every situation he was involved in. He plays hard and works equally hard. He assumed leadership roles and actively learned the stations on the sailing dhow. He was a role model of good expedition behavior to the rest of the expedition members.” Another instructor added, “His undefeatable positive attitude, sense of humor, navigation ability, and easy-going style all contributed to his selection as small group leader.”
In May of 2001, Chris took an Instructor Course at NOLS Rocky Mountain and followed that by working his first course—a July North Cascades Wilderness Course—as a patrol leader.
In January of 2007, Chris transitioned into administrative work as WMI staffing manager at NOLS Headquarters. Staff who worked with him during his in-town years commented that, “he is exceptionally strong in the area of judgment and decision making. He is a critical and organized thinker who weighs the variables quickly and makes sound decisions. He is an articulate and direct communicator who quickly grasps the tenor of the conversation at hand regardless of its impromptu or challenging nature."
Since 2010, Chris has served as Pacific Northwest director with additional oversight over both NOLS India and NOLS Scandinavia. During his time in this role, NOLS has increased the number of students we educate on our Scandinavia program, moved to a more permanent location in Sweden, and created a legal entity in that country. We have also expanded our course offerings at the PNW with the addition of new courses like the Pacific Northwest Spring Quarter and the Pacific Northwest Mountaineering and Sailing and introduced adventure age programming. In India, NOLS has maneuvered through numerous, complex Indian bureaucratic systems and introduced the Himalaya Cultural Expedition. In addition to his directorship responsibilities Chris also currently serves on the leadership team for the NOLS Strategic Plan goal for Exceptional Student Experiences.
What Wilderness Means to Us
I have spent my whole “adult” life guiding in the wilderness! The feeling that we have in this country is beyond words. Aren’t we so lucky that those with insight were able to put aside these lands in perpetuity, where man is “only a visitor?” It just seems incredible that we have these jewels for ourselves and future generations and they will remain essentially untouched. As has often been said, “They aren’t making that any more.”
—George Hunker, longtime former NOLS instructor
‘Invest Everything in the Quality of Your Teaching’
By Alexa Rosenthall, Faculty Summit Intern
Despite snow flurries and muddy roads in the Red Canyon, the 2014 NOLS Faculty Summit was a great success! Over 200 participants came to the Wyss Campus for three days of presentations, workshops, networking, and high spirits.
The fourth annual NOLS Faculty Summit was kicked off with a welcome from NOLS Executive Director John Gans and Chair of the NOLS Board of Trustees Kate Williams.
Williams encouraged instructors to “invest everything in the quality of your teaching in the moment and, at the same time, believe and be changed by your belief that the impacts and rewards of this investment with your students and yourselves must be realized in places and times far beyond these fabulous classrooms we get to move in.”
The Summit hosted inspiring speakers such as Shawn Benjamin, former NOLS instructor and principal of Leadership Public Schools (LPS) Richmond. LPS Richmond sponsors students to pursue summer opportunities, such as NOLS, to encourage character development. Benjamin presented on how non-cognitive factors like self-control, gratitude, and leadership profoundly influence the likelihood of college graduation and life achievement.
Scott Briscoe, Expedition Denali member, spoke on Wednesday morning about the journey of the first African American team to attempt the Denali summit. He highlighted how the project has sparked an interest in the outdoors in diverse populations and those who may otherwise never have been exposed to the wilderness.
Other excellent morning plenaries included Jim Halfpenny, Jeff Jackson, Drew Leemon David Chrislip, and Richard Adams.
For the afternoon workshops, 21 NOLS instructors and five guests presented various topics ranging from “Sappy Natural History: Making Environmental Studies Stick” by Jeff Wohl and “Beyond the Five Senses: Opening Your Perceptual Fields” by Suza Bedient to “Tribal History is Part of Wilderness: Making the Connection Through Indigenous Perspectives” by Lynette St. Clair.
Tuesday evening brought the presentation of the Instructors Awards. Jared Spaulding and Fabio Oliveira won the Instructor of the Year award, Briana Mackay won the combo In-Town/Field Staff Award, and Ariel Greene won the Thomas Plotkin Memorial Award. The audience was filled with supportive peers and roaring cheers.
The keynote address was delivered by Caroline Byrd, a former NOLS Instructor and the current executive director of the Greater Yellowstone Coalition. She spoke on how outdoor leaders make great conservation leaders. Byrd linked common character traits and habits of NOLS instructors to the skills necessary to make gains in conservation of wilderness.
If you missed the Summit, check out the videos of the presentations and workshops here.